Hepatitis A is highly contagious liver disease that caused due to hepatitis A virus (HAV), which is one among various types of hepatitis viruses that causes inflammation and thus affects the liver’s ability to function properly. You get this hepatitis A most commonly from the contaminated food or water or from the close contact with people who are infected with this problem. Remember that the mild cases of this hepatitis A doesn’t require any treatment, as most of the people who are infected will be recovered completely without any permanent damage caused to the liver and its functioning.
To get rid of this problem, you have to practice good hygiene like washing the hands frequently to protect yourself against the hepatitis A. however some vaccines are also available for the people who are mostly at risk. Some of the signs and symptoms that caused for this hepatitis A are fatigue, clay – colored bowel movements, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain or discomfort, loss of appetite, joint pain, dark urine, low grade fever, jaundice with mild illness, etc.
This hepatitis A can be easily transmitted through these several ways like eating the food without washing the hands after using the toilets (especially for the infected people), drinking contaminated water, participating in sex with someone who is having this virus or being in close contact with a person who has infected, eating raw shellfish which is polluted in water with sewage, etc. Remember that hepatitis A will not cause any long term liver damage and also won’t be chronic but in rare cases, it might cause some loss of liver functioning which occurs suddenly particularly in the old or aged people or others those who has chronic liver diseases.
Some of the preventive measures for hepatitis A are avoiding all sexual activity if you or your partner is suffering from this hepatitis A (even the condoms won’t offer proper protection over spreading of this problem), daily make a habit of washing your hands properly after using the toilets (scrub for at least 20 seconds, rinse well and dry the hands with disposable towel) or changing the diaper or before preparing or eating the food, never ever prepare the food in the home especially for other, if you’re actively infected with this problem, the sufferer can take hepatitis A vaccine.