10 Cancer Screening Tests Women Need to Know About

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Uterine and Endometrial Cancer Detection

What the tests are: If you have any symptoms of uterine or endometrial cancer — abnormal vaginal bleeding, bleeding after menopause, pelvic pain during sex or when urinating — see a doctor, recommends the NCI. A pelvic exam is the first step in finding a cause, and an ultrasound or biopsy could follow, if your physical exam shows evidence of a uterine tumor. An ultrasound creates a picture of your internal organs and any unusual bumps that may be tumors. A biopsy on a uterine tissue sample is the definitive test, in which a lab checks the sample for cancer cells.

Why you should consider uterine cancer tests: Getting diagnosed and treated early can help prevent spread of the cancer to other areas of your body. About 52,630 American women will be newly diagnosed with uterine or endometrial cancer in 2014, most of whom are over the age of 55, according to the American Cancer Society. This is the most common cancer of the reproductive organs for women. More than 600,000 women are living with this type of cancer now, and about 8,590 will die from it in 2014.

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